The Romanian Jandarmeria was founded on the 3rd of April 1850, when the ruler Grigore Alexandru Ghica, approved the decision of People Assembly and promulgated ‘The Rule for Reform of the Corps Servants in Gendarmes’.
This law granted the Jandarmeria a legal status and established the principles of organizing and functioning.
The law stated that the Gendarmes Regiment of Moldavia would split into 2 two structures, each one having 6 counties as area of responsibility. Each county had 1 Company of gendarmes and there were 2 more companies to the police and the authorities of Iasi City. These 14 companies consisted of 1433 mounted and dismounted gendarmes. This law also established the following attributions: surveillance of the public safety, maintaining order and law enforcement.