The setting up of the police institution in Bulgaria started with the adoption of the Constitution of Tarnovo on 16 April 1879. By Decree No. 1 of 5 July 1879 issued by Prince Alexander I, the Ministry of Internal Affairs was set up as part of the first Bulgarian government. Mr. Todor Burmov was appointed the first Bulgarian Minister of Interior. The Ministry’s main areas of activity were as follows: internal affairs and administration, public health, veterinary control, posts and telegraphs management. Police functions were carried out by the administration and police department of the Ministry of Interior and the institutions related to it. Initially the Ministry was entrusted with tasks that were not inherent to it, such as: veterinary control (until 1893); posts management (until 1882) and public affairs (until 1885).
Nowadays the main tasks of the Ministry are: countering crime and investigation of crimes; maintenance of public order; protection of citizens’ rights and freedoms and their life, health and property; fire safety and civil protection; guarding and control of the state borders.
The main structures within the Ministry are: Directorate General Combating Organised Crime; Directorate General National Police; Directorate General Border Police; Directorate General Fire Safety and Civil Protection and 28 Regional Directorates.

The Minister of Interior is responsible for the overall and direct management of the Ministry. The Minister performs his/her functions directly and with the assistance of the Deputy Ministers the Secretary General of the Ministry who is the highest professional position in the Ministry.